On 7 September 2002 in
a ceremony aboard USS Intrepid in New York City,
Secretary of the Navy Gordon England announced the
decision to name the fifth amphibious transport dock
ship of the San Antonio class, New York (LPD 21).
Secretary England said, "This new class of ships
will project American power to the far corners of the
Earth and support the cause of freedom well into the
21st century. From the war for independence through the
war on terrorism, which we wage today, the courage and
heroism of the people of New York has been an
inspiration. USS New York will play an important role in
our Navy's future and will be a fitting tribute to the
people of the Empire State."
Governor George Pataki,
Governor of New York, responded by stating, "On
September 2001, our nation's enemies brought their fight
to New York… The USS New York will now bring the fight
to our nation's enemies well into the future."
Governor George E.
Pataki wrote a letter to Secretary England requesting
that the Navy revive the name USS New York in honor of
September 11's victims and to give it a surface warship
involved in the war on terror. In his letter, the
Governor said he understood state names presently are
reserved for submarines but asked for special
consideration so the name could be given to a surface
ship. The request was approved August 28, 2002.
Governor Pataki hailed
the Secretary's decision to name a new LPD-17 class
amphibious transport dock the USS New York in honor of
the heroes who died on September 11, as well as to honor
the courage and compassion shown by countless New
Yorkers in the aftermath of the terrorist attacks.
"The USS New York
will ensure that all New Yorkers and the world will
never forget the evil attacks of September 11, and the
courage and compassion New Yorkers showed in response to
terror," said Governor Pataki. "I want to
thank Secretary England for taking this extraordinary
step and agreeing to pay special tribute to all New
Yorkers by giving our name to a ship that will play an
important role in the war on terror," the Governor
said. "In addition, I look forward to the USS New
York's first visit to our great City and State for Fleet
Revolutionary War General Benedict Arnold built the
first New York, a gondola, to support his campaign on
Lake Champlain in 1776. Built that summer, the gondola,
with one 12 pounder and two 9 pounder guns plus 8
swivels, was part of the flotilla that battled the
British on 11 October 1776 at the Battle of Valcour
Island. While this was a tactical defeat, the American
ships survived to fight again two days later, when
Arnold was finally forced to burn the New York and her
sister ships to avoid capture near Crown Point, New
York. Although a defeat for Arnold and the American
forces, the action delayed the British drive toward New
York until 1777 when they would meet defeat at the
Battle of Saratoga.
Built in New York City and funded by the citizens of New
York, the second New York was a 36-gun frigate.
Commissioned in October 1800 and commanded by Captain
Richard V. Morris, it was one of five frigates built to
supplement the original six frigates to include the
Constitution. New York escorted merchant ships to the
Caribbean during the "quasi-war" with France
In November 1802, the
ship sailed to the Mediterranean where New York served
as flagship in the war against the Barbary Pirates. In
two engagements the ship participated in driving off
Tripolitan gunboats. New York returned to the Washington
Navy Yard in 1803 where she remained for 11 years until
the British burned the ship on 24 August 1814.
Length: 145'5"; Beam 38"1"; Complement:
340; Armament: 26 18 pounders, 10 9 pounders.
After the War or 1812, Congress authorized the
construction of 9 ships of the line as a potential
deterrent to future war with Britain. War never came and
so the New York, whose keel was laid in 1820 and was
ready for launching in 1825, never left the stocks. On
20 April 1861, this 74-gun ship-of-the-line was burned
by Union forces to avoid capture by encroaching
Virginians at the start of the Civil War.
Length: 195' 11/2"; Beam 63; Complement: 820;
Armament: 74 guns.
Originally named Ontario, this ship was laid down in
1863, but never launched. It was renamed New York in
1869, but was sold while still on the stocks in 1888.
Length: 312' 2"; Beam 47'; Armament: 21 guns.
Cruiser #2 (CA 2): Laid down in 1890, the
armored cruiser New York was commissioned in August
1893. She served as flagship of the South Atlantic
Squadron and then was in the North Atlantic Squadron
when the Spanish-American War began. New York was
Admiral Sampson's flagship in the Battle of Santiago
when the American Squadron destroyed the Spanish fleet.
New York later served
as flagship of the Asiatic Fleet and as part of the
Pacific Squadron. Modernized in 1905-1909, the ship
steamed in the Atlantic, Pacific, and Asiatic fleets
before being renamed Saratoga in 1911. (When
construction began of the battleship New York). Saratoga
helped capture 32 German agents off of Mexico in 1917
and, after being renamed Rochester in late 1917 escorted
convoys in World War I. After the war Rochester
continued to operate until decommissioned in the
Philippines in 1933. The Americans scuttled her in
December 1941 to avoid capture.
Length: 384'; Beam 64'10"; Armament: 6 eight inch,
12 four inch, and 8 6 inch guns, plus 4 one pounders and
3 torpedo tubes.
34: On 11 September 1911, the battleship USS
New York was laid down and commissioned on 15 April
1914. The battleship served as flagship of Battleship
Division 9 in World War I supporting the British Grand
Fleet in the North Sea with blockade and escort
missions. New York was present when the German High Seas
Fleet surrendered on 21 November 1918
Between wars, the New
York served primarily in the Pacific Fleet until 1935,
before transferring to the Atlantic Fleet. At the start
of World War II, New York escorted convoys before
providing gunfire support in the Invasion of North
Africa on November 8, 1942. Following this action, the
ship trained gunners and providing training cruises for
the Naval Academy until transferring to the Pacific
Fleet in 1945. New York participated in a pre-invasion
bombardment of Iwo Jima, firing more 14" rounds
than any other ship present. In March 1945 New York
provided gunfire support for the invasion of Okinawa and
was grazed by a kamikaze. USS New York earned three
battle stars for World War II service.
After the War, USS New
York participated in the Bikini atomic tests in 1946,
surviving both an underwater and an air blast. She was
decommissioned on 29 August 1946. On July 8 1948 she was
sunk off of Pearl Harbor as a target ship.
Length: 573'; Beam 95'3"; Armament: 10 fourteen
inch guns, 21 five inch guns, and four torpedo tubes.
Notes: (1) There was
also a nuclear powered attach submarine, USS New York
City (SSN 696) that was commissioned in 1979 and
decommissioned in 1997. (2) LPD 21 will be the longest
and widest ship to bear the name New York and within
2,000 tons of having the same displacement as the
LPD 21 New York is
under construction at Northrop Grumman Ship Systems,
Avondale Operations, greater New Orleans area,
Steel salvaged from
the World Trade Center wreckage will be used in the
construction of New York. The shipyard and Navy
inspected the steel and found that it was of sufficient
material strength so that it could be incorporated into
the bow stem of New York.
"We're very proud
that the twisted steel from the WTC towers will soon be
used to forge an even strong national defense,"
said New York Gov. George Pataki. "The USS New
York will soon be defending freedom and combating
terrorism around the globe, while also ensuring that the
world never forgets the evil attacks of September 11,
2001 and the courage and strength New Yorkers showed in
response to terror."
The keel was laid for New
York on September 10, 2004.
The ship’s sponsor
is Mrs. Dotty England, the wife of Secretary of the Navy
Gordon England. She will “christen thee New York”
in a ceremony in 2006.
Commissioning is the
ceremony in which New York will become a unit
of the operating forces of the United States Navy. It is
the occasion when the ship will “Come Alive” and New
York becomes USS New York. The Navy will
determine the site for the commissioning ceremony about
six months prior to the event in 2007.
360 Sailors and three
Marines will form the New York’s crew.
LPD 21 is scheduled to
be a Norfolk, Virginia based ship.